September 2019 TAO Feature Article

Main Street United Methodist Church
Abbeville, South Carolina
Kegg Pipe Organ Builders
Hartville, Ohio
View the Stop List

By Charles Kegg

Working in the South has the advantage of a pleasant climate, but the main attraction is the people. Southern hospitality is real, and the folks at Main Street United Methodist Church certainly demonstrated this in great measure.

Cameron Couch and Philip Brown setting facade pipes

When we first visited we found a handsome 19th-century Felgemaker case with ornately decorated pipes. Behind it was an ailing Möller built during the soft zinc era. Pipes were of thin metal and the zinc basses were sagging. While we are always happy to retain worthy pipes and chests from existing instruments, the only parts of the previous organ we thought worthy were the chime tubes and the fine case, the speaking pipes of which, sadly, had been mute for decades.

Cameron Couch voicing the facade

The new instrument we have built is ten ranks of pipes, shared over two manuals and pedal. The stoplist is similar to others we have built of this size, with some special considerations. The 300-seat worship space of Main Street United Methodist Church would be familiar to many. It is a handsome room with vaulted plaster ceilings held up by ornate wood trusses. It is almost square, with a raked floor and no balcony. Fully carpeted, it is an intimate room requiring a warm, rich, and powerful organ sound with a wide dynamic range. Such a space requires special voicing attention since any imperfections will be obvious. The Kegg company was chosen after a visit to Winnsboro, South Carolina, where our organs at Sion Presbyterian Church and First United Methodist Church were heard.

This organ is a unit organ with the careful attention to design and execution for which we have become known. In order to be successful, such organs must have special pipe scaling, along with the dynamic balance of each rank of pipes that is different than when such stops are in a straight design. Another key to successful unit design is restraint. One must resist the urge to violate this rule. Stops are designed with borrows for variety, but with discipline and a solid chorus in mind. The most important rule is to have an 8′ Principal with 4′ Octave as two proper and independent stops. Couplers are provided with care and purpose. This is to help avoid double coupling of unit stops, which could destroy the thoughtful design. Unison couplers are not a concern, but octave couplers must have a specific use and not be able to do harm. For example, octave couplers are provided on the Swell to provide special effects such as massed strings, but there are no octave couplers to the Great.

The organ contains one stop that we have never before placed in an organ of this size—a Flute Celeste to join the Spitzflute. A Flute Celeste should be mysterious, providing a soft blanket of sound. Our Spitzflutes have a milky sound in the lower and mid ranges, especially with the shades closed. Here the Flute Celeste works beautifully. Because the Spitzflute ascends in volume to make a successful 2′ , the upper range becomes rather louder. The Celeste is kept at the softer volume. Since the treble of the Spitzflute is louder, we purposely provide no way to couple the Flute Celeste at 4′ pitch, which would ruin the heavenly effect.

Facade detail

Because the Flute Celeste provides a lovely soft sound, the Viola and Celeste could be made somewhat more aggressive than they might have otherwise been. On the keen side, these provide another dynamic level as well as a character stop that blends well and adds texture to other stops.

The Mixture on this organ is derived from the Octave and the Quinte. Rooms such as this really require only a suggestion of a Mixture to make a pleasant chorus sound, and our “pretend” Mixture does this well. Larger rooms might require a genuine Mixture, but given the space limitations, we think the extra color of the second reed and second celeste is more useful.

The reeds are what might be expected from a Kegg organ. The Trumpet is dark and commanding in the bass, which provides a solid footing. It morphs into a bright sound in the treble, making the unit Clarion successful for added fire. The capped Oboe is patterned after a Skinner Flugelhorn, making a fine solo stop or minor chorus reed.
The only unenclosed stop in the organ is the Great 8′ Principal, which also plays in the Pedal at 8′ and 4′ . For its bass, we restored the fine Felgemaker facade, using the center 17 pipes. These pipes were cleaned and restored with advice from historian Marylou Davis. The scroll tuners were in poor shape and were replaced with inside slide tuners. Inside slide tuners are easy to adjust and cause no wear on the pipe. I have had experience with pipes like these and knew they would work well with our voicing style. They required very little voicing to blend seamlessly with our new work, and they have a remarkably contemporary sound. Other case pipes are wooden, also with painted decorations.

The overall effect of this instrument is one that belies its size. It seems larger than it is. The derived Mixture is compelling and the tutti satisfying. With the unusual dynamic range and the amount of color and variety available, one might think this organ has perhaps twice its rank count.
We would like to thank organist Dennis Kollmann, Pastor Brian Arant, and the congregation of Main Street United Methodist Church for their enthusiastic support throughout this project. We look forward to many years of continued friendship.

Charles Kegg is president and artistic director of Kegg Pipe Organ Builders, which he established in 1985. The Kegg Company is a member of the Associated Pipe Organ Builders of America, and Charles is a past president of the American Institute of Organbuilders. Website:

The Kegg team:
Philip Brown
Mike Carden
Cameron Couch
Joyce Harper
Philip Laakso
Bruce Schutrum

Cover photo: Melva Kay

16′ Trumpet with Haskell bass pipes in front of 16′ Bourdon


Forward main chest 8' Viola, 4' Spitzflute, 4' Octave and 8' Rohrflute

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